The Bauhaus

I have researched and found out interesting information on the Bauhaus in which i feel is important and informative. I have taken key parts of information from different websites and included them into my blog, also adding in photos to illustrate my research/findings.

The Bauhaus was a school whose approach to design and the combination of fine art and arts and crafts proved to be a major influence on the development of graphic design as well as much of 20th century modern art

Bauhaus (Building House)
Germany

What was new about the school was its attempt to integrate the artist and the craftsman, to bridge the gap between art and industry. The unity of arts had of course been a central tenet of the late 19th-century Arts and Crafts movement, and the ideals of William Morris influenced Gropius’s planning for the school.

Walter Gropius

Henry van de Velde (Belgian), headmaster at the School of Arts and Crafts in Weimar, Germany, was asked to leave the country at the outbreak of World War I. He was replaced by the German architect Walter Gropius who, in 1919, reorganized the school under the name Bauhaus School of Design.

The bauhaus was forced to close its doors, under pressure from the Nazi political party, in 1933. The school favored simplified forms, rationality, functionality and the idea that mass production could live in harmony with the artistic spirit of individuality. [http://www.designishistory.com/1920/the-bauhaus/] [19.10.11]

 The Three Locations of the Bauhaus – 

 Bauhaus/Phase 1
Weimar, Germany

Bauhaus/ Phase 2
Dessau,

Bauhaus/Phase 3
Berlin, Germany

 

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Futurism – Fillippo Tommaso Marinetti

  •    Born – 22 December 1876 –Died –  2 December 1944
  • The founder of the Futurist movement and also was an Italian poet and editor.
  • Marinetti is known best as the author of the Futerist Manifesto, which he wrote in 1908
  •  In The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism, Marinetti declared thatArt […] can be nothing but violence, cruelty, and injustice.”

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filippo_Tommaso_Marinetti] [07.10.11]

constructivism – Varvara Stepanova

Inside double page spread from  “The Results of the First Five-Year Plan”

Born – November 9, 1894 – Died – May 20, 1958

  •  Aswell as designing constructivism posters she was also a painter, photographer and designer.
  •  Her work shows a direct influence of the Cubists and the Futurist art movements
  •  created things from posters and books to sets and costumes for local theaters.  [http://www.designishistory.com/1920/varvara-stepanova/][07.10.11]

Composition is the contemplative approach of the artist. Technique and Industry have confronted art with the problem of construction as an active process and not reflective. The ‘sanctity’ of a work as a single entity is destroyed. The museum which was the treasury of art is now transformed into an archive’.

Quote from [07.10.11] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varvara_Stepanova]

Dada – Raoul Hausmann

http://www.camilacarril.blogger.com.br/ [07.10.11]

The work above is named ABCD

Born: – July 12, 1886- Died – Feb 1st 1971  

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raoul_Hausmann [07.10.11]

Hausmann’s montages were some of the most artistic of the early period of Dada,
demonstrating his wild and free personality in their lack of
inhibition.

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/davepalmer/cutandpaste/hausmann.html [7.10.11]

field of work wasCollage, Photography, Sculpture, Poetry and Theory

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raoul_Hausmann [7.10.11]

“Everything starts with dance. Movements come long before verbal expression or even music, because dance has it’s own music. When you are standing there, you are not in space but outside space, you are not on earth or outside earth, and it is from this point that creation begins: build for yourself the walls & limits of your universe”  [7.10.11]  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raoul_Hausmann

De stijl – Paul schuitema

[http://www.citrinitas.com/history_of_viscom/images/avantgarde/destijl.html] [07.10.11]

Born: February 27, 1897- Died: October 25, 1973

  Paul Schuitema produced typography, furniture-making, architecture, photography, painting, lithography and film and was influenced by the wild plakken design (Rob Schröder) collective of the late 20th century.

Plakken design work below.

[http://www.culturecatalysts.org/site/?q=node/286] [07.10.11]

In the 1920s, he began to work on graphic design,applying the principles of De Stijl and constructism to commercial advertising

“De Stijl had a profound influence on the
development both of abstract art and modern
architecture and design”
 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhaus] [07.10.11]

Helvetica

The issues that the Helvetica film covered was the opinions of different typographers on the type Helvetica, some of the typographers/designers thought Helvetica has been around too long and they felt a more creative/up to date type would be better rather than using the Helvetica type all the time. Whereas the people who felt Helvetica should still be used argued against and felt it should still be used now as they say its clean clear and easy to read.

I feel that Helvetica actually does look better on a lot of things like posters signs windows etc as its very clear to read and is instantly noticed. The film changed my views on how I would use typography as before I would go for the most creative typography rather than a simple type that works very well with most things. Before this film I would have never thought to have used Helvetica in any of my work but it’s now shown me that it can be used on almost everything and look good. It can also be presented in many different ways to look creative but can still easily be read. Whereas if you where to use a more fancy scrolled type it would’nt look as effective as it would’nt catch the viewers attention as much as Helvetica would.

(i have tried to show that Helvetica can also be put in a creative way aswell as kept simple to support my opinions above)